Monuments & Buildings

hotel-vila-gale-albacora

Antigo Arraial Ferreira Neto (Armação de Pesca) / Hotel Vila Galé Albacora

The Antigo Arraial Ferreira Neto (Armação de Pesca) is located on the east side of the mouth of the River Gilão, near Tavira, in an area called Quatro Águas (confluence of the Gilão River, the Cabanas Canal, the Tavira Channel and the access bar to the sea through the island of Tavira), near the Forte do Rato.
Information
The Arraial Ferreira Neto is located on the east side of the mouth of the River Gilão, near Tavira, in an area called Quatro Águas (confluence of the Gilão River, the Cabanas Canal, the Tavira Channel and the access bar to the sea through the island of Tavira), near the Forte do Rato. As a whole built the Arraial is a vestige of great importance of the economic activities of the Ria Formosa and the region and one of the few architectural testimonies of the facilities to support the fishing of tuna from the entire Algarve coast, constituting a perfect example of the social, urban and architectural organization of the Estado Novo. The current set came to replace the previous facilities, demolished by the sea in 1943, existing on the beach of Medo das Cascas, on the island of Tavira, right in front of the place where the Arraial Ferreira Neto is located. The complex was designed by Eng. Sena Lino in 1943, based on the concept of an autonomous urban unit where about 150 families could live, with its industrial area, its workshops and its housing and leisure area. The Arraial was the place where the fishermen and family were concentrated, who during the campaign lived there and took care in the workshops the materials and paraphernalia necessary for the tuna fishing faina. The Arraial – which is all walled, with only two external doors of service – was built in order to completely separate the industrial part from the one reserved for the dwellings, which consists of two wide and five streets. As a whole it is an authentic fishing social district, with the appearance of “a village of rustic-Portuguese lines” where 400 to 500 people would live, as it offered facilities suitable for the exercise of industrial activity, as well as the comfort necessary for the rest of fishermen and their families. It has a school building, a spa, oven, chapel, a medical station, public toilets and a club, as well as a complete network of sewers and five cisterns. It also has a loading dock equipped with a manual crane at the mouth of the River Gilão. The architectural projects developed at the height of the Estado Novo government are an example of the formal rationality typical of the time, with its volumetric aprumo and its “modern” metric, the use of “Portuguese materials” (bujardada stone, straw tile, clay tiles, tile panels and wooden doors painted with aldraba or reixa wick), and the most current techniques of the time – direct foundations in ordinary masonry , concrete stairs, towed full brick walls and roof structures in wooden wings. With the decline in tuna catches until 1970 and 1971, the date of the last campaigns, Arraial no longer fulfills the purpose for which it was destined. It then dates to its definitive disafetation, having more recently become a hotel unit.

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